January 1st, 1916:
Great Britain: The future top fighter Ace of the Royal Naval Air Service, the Canadian Collishaw, the joined the RNAS in January.
January 5th, 1916:
Western Front: The French Esc N3 is equipped with the new Nieuport 11 fighter.
25 British aircraft of the Royal Flying Corps attack airfields in Douai and a stockpile at Le Sars.
January 7th, 1916:
Thessaloniki: A German air attack caused 18 victims.
January 12th, 1916:
Western Front: Immelmann and Boelcke are the first German pilots (each 8 kills) which are awarded the Pour le Mérite.
Gallipoli: Turkish-German Fokker E-hunters, of which 3 have arrived recently, shooting down a second aircraft of the Royal Naval Air Service at Cape Helles, after another already had fallen the day before. It is the last Allied aircraft loss of the campaign in which the British have dropped 1,155 bombs with a total weight of 27t.
January 14th, 1916:
Western Front: After heavy losses by German Fokker E fighters each reconnaissance aircraft of the Royal Flying Corps receives 3 combat aircraft as an escort.
January 16th, 1916:
Western Front: Allied aircraft bomb Lille.
January 17th, 1916:
Western Front: 16 British aircraft of the Royal Flying Corps attack airfields in Douai and a stockpile at Le Sars.
January 22nd, 1916:
Great Britain: German ‘Hit-and-Run’ aircraft bomb the airship hangars in Dover and Folkestone in the night of 22nd/23rd. and on 23rd of January. Only minor damage, but 7 victims.
January 23rd, 1916:
Western Front: The first Squadron (No. 20) of the British Royal Flying Corps, which is fully equipped with the two-seat fighter with pusher propeller FE2b, arrives in France. This is followed by No. 25 on February 20th, No. 23 on March 16th and No. 22 on April 1st.
January 29th, 1916:
France: The second and last Zeppelin raid on Paris caused 54 deaths. It is the last air raid on the city until to January 1918.
January 31st, 1916:
Great Britain: The first German airship raid on the Midlands by 9 Zeppelins (night of January 31st to February 1st), which occur sporadically and not on the intended course. Liverpool is not reached, but frequent false alarms there until March 5th. The divisional commander of naval airships, Strasser, is on board of L11. The attacks caused 183 victims by 389 bombs and small material damage worth 53,832 British pounds. On the return L19 is lost over the North Sea on February 2nd, all 16 crew members are killed. 22 British fighters took off for defense, but they didn’t find any targets. 8 were damaged or destroyed during the landing, 2 pilots died from their injuries.