Aerial war in September 1915

September 1st, 1915

Western Front: Entente Forces faced heavy losses by German Fokker E.I fighter. Especially on the French long-range daily air raids, starting from airfield Nancy-Malzeville. As a reaction the French were forced to suspend these flights. Short-range missions around Lens and Cambrai were performed from Humieres airfield (Pas-de-Calais) until December.

During September the Royal Flying Corps (RFC) had flown missions for more than 4740 houres.

After 3 Fokker monoplanes have crashed for unknown reasons, the German command demanded them to stay on the ground, but revoked that decision in late September.

foke3-1

September 3rd, 1915

North Sea: The German airship L10 burned down and crashed near Cuxhaven. While emtying hydrogen to loose height it was hit by a bolt of lig

htning. All 19 crew members died.

September 6th, 1915

Germany: A French Air Raid of 40 aircraft dropped bombs on Saarbrücken and the Dieuze, Mörchingen barracs in Lorraine. According to the German Military Communiqués of the Oberste Heeresleitung (OHL, Supreme Army Command) the bombardment took place between 10:00 and 10:30AM and caused five civil casulties, six people were injured.

September 7th, 1915

Great Britain: German airships LZ74 and SL2 dropped bombs on the eastern counties and London by night causinbg 46 civil casulties.

LZ74 (Build Number LZ44), Captain George, was build in Fridrichshafen-Löwenthal and performed its first air raid on July, 8th 1915. This air raid was its last one, because on October 8th it collided in the fog with a mountain and was scrapped afterwards. On its two airraids it dropped a total of 3.500kg bombs on England.

LZ 74
LZ 74

Technical data of LZ74:

  • Length: 163.5m
  • Diameter: 18,7m
  •  Capacity: 31.900m²
  • Cells: 16
  • Weight empty: 37.066kg
  • Payload: 14.879kg
  • Engines: 4 á 210hp
  • Speed: 91,8Km/h

September 8th, 1915

Great Britain: German Navy Airship L13 bombed London by night between 8th and 9th of September causing a conflagration of London central city with 109 casulties.

L14 over London
L13 over London

September 9th, 1915:

Great Britain: 2 B.E.2 (Quirk) were stationed in Chelmsford and Joyce Green to intercept the next German airships awaited for the next new moon.

East Africa: 2 Caudron aircraft of Royal Naval Air Service arrived Makatu

Eastern Front: A German Navy Airship bombed the Russian Naval base and railway installations at Baltisch-Port (Paldiski)

September 11th:

Great Britain: German Armee and Navy Airships tried to reach London by night between September 11th and 14th but only caused some small damages  around Harwich.

September 12th, 1915:

Great Britain: Royal Navy artillery specialist Admiral Sir Percy Scott was assigned with London air defence. He asked for 104 additional Aint-Aircraft Guns and 50 searchlights.

September 13th, 1915:

Germany: 19 French aircraft dropped up to 100 bombs on Trier central station and near railroad facilities.

Great Britain: A ‘hit-and-run’ attack of a German floatplane on Margate caused 8 civil casulties.

Western Front: First try of Royal Flying Corps to drop a Spy behind the German lines near Courtrai failed. Pilot and Spy were captured after a crash landing.

September  15th, 1915

Gallipoli: Kemal Pasha, later known as Atatürk, escaped a bombardement from a Nieuport aircraft flown by Charles Rumney Samson (RNAS) East of Sulva.

Mesopotamia: Ottoman gun fire downs a British Caudron, but Major Reilly was able to map out the defence positions at Kut in his Martynside Scout. General Charles Vere Ferrers Townshend has 5 more aircraft at his disposal.

September 18th, 1915

Western Front: New German fighter aces Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke share one aerial vicroty. It’s the third one for Boelcke.

Oswald Boelcke
Oswald Boelcke

September 22nd, 1915

Western Front: The French airhsip Cmdt Coutelle was shotdown by German Anti-Aircraft-Artillery.

1913_Cdt_Coutelle

Germany: French airraid on the city of Stuttgart.

September 23rd, 1915

Western Front: The British Royal Flying Corps and the French Aéronautique Militaire started a combined attack on the railroad junction Lille-Douai-Valenciennes to support the Autumn-Offensive. Despite the bad weather the RFC flew 92 sorties in five days and dropped 245 bombs with a total weight of 5.5 tons. At least 5-6 trains were destroyed. The railway was damaged at about 16 places and railroad sheds at Valenciennes were burned down. Two British bombers were shot lost.

September 25th, 1915

Germany: 25.000 Reichsmark reward for the one who shoots down the leader of French Bomber Squadron Esc MF29, Captain Happe. He escaped Oswald Boelcke at an attack on Rottweil while two other bombers were shot down.

Western Front: The Royal Flying Corps no has 12 Squadrons with a total of 189 operational aircraft and additional four Balloon units from RNAS.

Occupied Belgium: 8 aircraft of Royal Naval Air Service from Dunkirk dropped 28 bombs at the Tirpitz-Battery and landed one hit.

TirpitzBattery1TirpitzBattery2

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